About Esophageal Cancer
The esophagus is the muscular tube that moves food and liquid from the throat to the stomach. Esophageal cancer begins in the lining of the esophagus and then may spread to other tissues of the esophagus. The most common types of esophageal cancer are squamous cell carcinoma (also known as epidermoid carcinoma) and adenocarcinoma. Risk factors for developing esophageal cancer include using tobacco, heavy alcohol use, and people with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that has developed into Barrett's esophagus. The risk of developing esophageal cancer also increases as a person gets older. The board-certified head and neck (otolaryngologist) surgeons Drs. Martin Corsten, Yadro Ducic, and Masoud Saman of the Head & Neck Cancer Center of Texas in Dallas and Fort Worth are skilled in performing surgery for esophageal cancer (esophagectomy).
"My experience was much better than I expected, Dr Corsten and the entire staff made me feel very comfortable and I am very appreciative ."- A.T. / Office Visit / Aug 14, 2018
"Sophie was very patient regarding my questions and concerns and was a delight to talk to!"- A.T. / Office Visit / Aug 14, 2018
"Always a good experience from check in to check out."- RJ / Office Visit / Aug 14, 2018
"I absolutely am so thankful for my doctor"- Anonymous / Office Visit / Aug 14, 2018
"very pleased"- Anonymous / Office Visit / Aug 14, 2018
Esophageal cancer can be diagnosed with several tests, including a chest x-ray, barium swallow (upper GI series), esophagoscopy, and a biopsy. Once esophageal cancer has been diagnosed, other tests like an endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), CT/CAT scan, PET scan, or MRI and procedures such as thoracoscopy or laparoscopy can help our doctors determine the spread and stage of the cancer. With these tests, we can help determine your best treatment plan. The most common signs of esophageal cancer are:
- Chronic hoarseness or coughing
- Frequent indigestion or heartburn
- Pain in the chest
- Trouble or pain when swallowing
- Unexplained weight loss
Depending on the stage and spread of esophageal cancer, different treatment options may be suggested. Certain treatments may be combined and in these cases, Drs. Corsten, Ducic, and Saman will work with the other members of the patient's oncology team to coordinate a plan of action. The most common procedures for esophageal cancer are:
- Surgery (esophagectomy)
- Laser therapy
- Radiation therapy
What to Expect
At the Head & Neck Cancer Center of Texas, board-certified otolaryngologists Drs. Corsten, Ducic, and Saman perform surgery to treat esophageal cancer. Known as an esophagectomy, the cancerous areas of the esophagus are surgically removed. Performed either as an open surgery or with an endoscope, the surgeon will carefully remove the needed portion(s) of the esophagus, ensuring the remaining esophagus still functions properly. If needed, a tube or piece of intestine can be used to complete the connection of the esophagus to the stomach. A stent can also be placed in the esophagus if the tumor blocks the passageway. The removed sections of the esophagus and nearby lymph nodes will be examined afterward to determine the success of the surgery.
Plan Your Procedure
Know Your Options
If you have been diagnosed with esophageal cancer or you have symptoms, schedule an appointment at the Head & Neck Cancer Center of Texas to learn more about your treatment options. With convenient locations in Dallas and Fort Worth, Drs. Corsten, Ducic, and Saman are board certified in head and neck surgery and can help you create a treatment plan based on the stage and spread of your cancer.